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Basal Cell Carcinoma
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Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma more commonly known as skin cancer often occurs due to sun damage to the skin. Skin cancer can spread to nearby tissues but not to the distant parts of the body and also shows a slow and uniform pattern in its growth.

The most obvious and the best way to detect skin cancer is to go for a biopsy. A biopsy is usually done in a medical lab under the microscope by a pathologist. In order to perform a biopsy a small portion of the skin is removed and sends to the lab.

This removal does not aim at removing the cancer as it takes only a small part of it. This can be thought similar to the tip of an iceberg above the water. This skin removal may also cause the skin to grow over the cancer.

This should not be thought as an elimination of skin cancer. Remember, cancer is still present but it is covered with a newly formed layer of skin now. In cases where cancer is not removed fully, it may grow deep into the skin and results in further complications.

In fact, this is the most common type of cancer present in the globe which is accompanied by the risk of developing serious skin problems. The main problem which is faced by skin cancer patients is that this disease may be quite devastating and even disfiguring at times.

It is also seen that if you have a family history of skin cancer, you are more at risk to develop this disease. Other people who are at higher risk include people who expose their skins to too much sunlight or the ones who have come in contact with the carcinogenic chemicals such as arsenic.

The common treatment plans for this condition include topical chemotherapy, surgery, photodynamic therapy or cryosurgery. Even though skin cancer is not life taking, if left untreated, it can result in bleeding, mutilate the skin, and even result in ruining areas such as ear, eye, lip and nose locally.

There are mainly 5 types of skin cancer as explained below:

1) Nodular

Nodular skin cancer demonstrates itself as a papule with telangiectasis which may turn into ulcerates, and results in 'rodent ulcer'. It is seen as an ulcerating lump with a shining border.

2) Cystic

A cystic basal cell carcinoma skin cancer is seen very rarely and it is often very difficult to differentiate it from the nodular type of skin cancer. It is usually characterized by a hollow space in the centre with liquid.

3) Pigmented

It is a different variant of the nodular type of basal cell carcinoma skin cancer which is often confused with melanoma.

4) Sclerosing

It is a blemish like lesion.

5) Superficial

This type demonstrates itself as a scaling area which is red in color.

In general, basal cell carcinoma skin cancer may look unlike from normal skin. They may be seen also as a skin bump or a growth that looks white, flesh colored, brown, pearly, light pink, waxy or flat.

Discussed below are some symptoms of basal cell carcinoma.

  • A skin sore that bleeds often
  • A sore that refuses to get heal
  • Sore having crusting or discharging spots
  • Sores which look like scars without any injury.
  • Uneven blood vessels around the spot

Please make it a point to rush to the nearest skin doctor if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above.



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