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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a no cure autoimmune illness, which holds the ability to incapacitate and take the lives of people by attacking various bodily systems, healthy cells, autonomic nervous system, central nervous system, skin, blood, and important organs such as brain, heart, lungs, kidneys etc.

People of any age group can develop lupus let them be men, women, children or old people. Generally, women are more prone to develop this condition than men. Also, black people are more likely to develop lupus than white people.

Common symptoms of this disease are:

  • Painful inflammation of joints
  • Aching muscles
  • Inflated legs
  • Gloominess
  • Light sensitivity
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Swelling of lymph nodes
  • Pain in the chest
  • Anaemia
  • Fever
  • Red face rash in the shape of a butterfly
  • Dizzy spells
  • Loss of hair
  • Kidney swelling
  • Swelling experienced near to eyes
  • Ulcers in mouth

As the symptoms of lupus tend to differ from person to person this disease is sometimes difficult to get diagnoses correctly. Apart from this, different symptoms of lupus can also be confused with other diseases. For instance, victims of this disease may feel very weak at times. They may also complain of having an appetite loss, muscle aches, swelling around the glands and hair loss. Other commonly experienced symptoms include abdominal pain, symptoms of nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. An important clue to identify patients with lupus is the rashes that can be found in their skin.

One thing to be noted is that in most of the cases rather than a single cause, a combination of causes including genetics, hormonal and environmental work together and lead to lupus. One good thing is that this is not a contagious disease. One notable fact is that even though this condition runs in families, no particular lupus gene has been found out till now.

Also, the actual reason of lupus is yet unknown experts believe that it occurs due to various genetics, environmental and hormonal factors. Some of the environmental factors believed to cause lupus are stress, ultraviolet light, infections, certain drugs and different chemicals. Exposure to ultraviolet light is a serious environmental problem which makes the rashes severe and even triggers an outbreak of the whole disease process.

The chronic nature of systemic lupus erythematosus determines the returning pattern of its symptoms. Lupus is believed to have a very unpredictable nature, and its symptoms alternates between phases of both aggravation and remission. Because of this it is highly recommended that the patient is kept in constant monitoring even though the disease is in a dormant stage. Make sure to take extreme care in preventing contagious diseases in lupus patients as they are highly susceptible to infections and most of the immunosuppressive medications have probable side effects. Also keep in mind that with a weakened immune system, even an ordinary flu can become a severe problem.

Generally, treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus will require the administration of immunosuppressive medications such as corticosteroids even though these can have evident side effects. So, current treatment for lupus concentrates on reducing the damage caused by the weakened immune system.

Even though doctors are still unsure about what causes autoimmune illnesses such as lupus, a combination of environmental and genetic factors is believed to have a serious role in causing it. Even though physicians believe that a person can take over a tendency to the lupus, they don’t inherit the disease. They develop the disease only when they get exposed to an environmental trigger that causes the development of lupus, like a virus or medication.


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