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What Is a Heat Rash

Most of us might have come across heat rashes in our lives, typically when we're infants. These red, small, blisters which are often pus filled are generally accompanied with troublesome itching too. But,  these are generally easy to treat and avoid.

Heat rash also known as  miliaria rubra, is a skin disease which occurs when the sweat glands of a person get obstructed. Even though the heat rash is a condition most often seen in infants, adults are also prone to this condition, especially during the summer season. Heat rash occurs mainly when the body is exposed to very hot temperatures or sunlight. This will cause the sweat glands on the skin to be blocked and extra moisture to be accumulated in them. This results in irritation of the skin which causes prickly heat. In case of infants, heat rashes are usually found in the nappy area, and are mainly due to the excess of moisture in this area.

Though prickly heat occurs mainly due to increased activity during the summer which causes too much sweating, there are some other reasons for prickly heat rash such as genetics and obesity. Poor hygiene and allergy due to certain anti-perspirants or deodorants can also cause this condition. In infants, it happens when diapers are not changed frequently enough.

Keep in mind that heat rash is not a very serious condition even though it can be very irritating. The heat rash in adults is easily treatable and usually fades away within a few days of appearing. It is highly recommended that you take the necessary self help measures as soon as small blisters appear. The first step to take in the direction of precaution is to completely avoid tight clothing, when exercising or doing any other activity which produces a lot of sweat. Always remember, as far as prickly heat is concerned, the more air your skin gets, the safer you will be from its attack because air heals it naturally. In case of prickly heat in babies, it is recommended to keep the baby without the diapers whenever possible.

Topical medications having hydrocortisone as one of its contents and steroid creams are often used to reduce the itching caused by a prickly heat rash. These are ideally applied thrice a day to the affected area to get relief from the symptoms of prickly heat. Taking cool showers and baths are also good methods to soothe the skin. Always make it a point to avoid hot showers as this will  cause the irritation to worsen. Oatmeal baths are also an excellent method to soothe the skin. Oatmeal is basically a natural drying agent, and so it will speed up the healing of blisters caused by prickly heat.

Also, ointments designed to draw out moisture are found useful to dry out the blisters. Benadryl, anti-itch medication, is also found equally good in easing the itching associated with prickly heat. Apart from these, natural itch relief can be attained if you apply  aloe vera and aloe vera based lotions .

Also, remember that prickly heat is an ordinary problem and easily preventable. Some steps in this direction are discussed next. For example, you can apply moisturizing lotions to the skin daily to improve your skin health. Also, avoid tight clothes and increased activity in the hot weather. Apply powders containing cornstarch which will take in excess moisture which is the main culprit behind the prickly heat. Apart from these, you can also try taking a daily dose of multi-vitamins to build up your immune system and fight off the bacteria which cause prickly heat.

With infants, the best thing to do in order to avoid heat rash is to change their nappy as soon as they are wet. This will avoid unnecessary exposure to excess moisture which can result in heat rashes.


 

 
                                        
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