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What is Acne

Acne is basically an ugly and embarrassing skin condition which leaves hideous marks on different body parts, especially on your face or back. Remember, these marks are not whiteheads or blackheads which usually appear due to hormone imbalance or due to consuming too much chocolate. Instead, they are skin glands which cause pain and discomfort and, if not given proper care will ultimately become horrible sores leaving behind ugly scars.

Multiple Causes Make Acne Complex

These days, it is a commonly accepted fact there is no one particular cause which can be blamed for the formation of acne. A common belief is that sufferers may become more prone to acnes due to genetic factors. But, sometimes when one person in the family is suffering from serious acne problem, other siblings can go pretty much spot free. According to recent research done in this area, it is found that hormones and stress can play a significant part in determining the acne severity in a person. Most people erroneously believe that acne sufferers don’t keep themselves clean. But in reality, the converse is true. That is, people with acne are generally over cautious with their cleaning habits. Don’t forget acne is a result of the skin not working as it is supposed to work rather than external dirt.

Acnes come in different forms. They may be mild, hardly noticeable cases to severe and rather ugly case that nobody can ignore. Also, it’s seen that some types of acne fade away easily even when no particular attention is given to them while others can be very stubborn and persistent. If you happen to be one of those lucky people with clear skin, you can put aside this issue as silly annoyance and there is nothing to fret about really. But if you talk to victims and they will tell you about the physical and emotional effects, associated with acnes, some of which can even last an entire lifetime.

It is worth mentioning that Stress, some Oil-based makeup, hair products and suntan oil, hormonal changes during menstruation, Squeezing at blemishes and Scrubbing the skin roughly increase the possibility of Acne. On the contrary, Dust, Chocolates and Having Sex has nothing to do with acne as misbelieved by some people.

There are many treatments for acne, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines.

Over the counter Treatments

Two of the most effective over-the-counter medicines for acne are salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. These medicines dry up the excess oil present in the affected area and kill bacteria in order to get rid of acnes. They are usually available in different forms such as lotions, gels, soaps, creams and pads. Make sure you wait for at least 8 weeks before expecting any improvement after using these medicines. Also, please consult your doctor if you see no improvement even after 2 months of taking them.
In some cases, these over-the-counter acne medications may cause side effects such as burning, skin irritation and redness. Make sure that you report these side effects to your doctor if don't go away over time.

Prescription Medicines

Often, medicines will be prescribed to you if over-the-counter medicines fail to control your acnes. The prescription may be a retinoid cream or gel in most cases. Retinoids, such as adapalene and tretinoin are to be applied to the affected area once a day. Take care not to get them in your eyes, mouth and the area under your nose.

As retinoid increases your risk of getting sunburn, make sure to use a strong sunscreen or avoid the sun. Also a retinoid called tazarotene should be avoided by pregnant women as it can cause birth defects.

You may even have to go for an antibiotic treatment if our acne is severe. Antibiotics such as doxycycline, minocycline and tetracycline reduce inflammation and bacteria and so are often found very effective when used with other treatments for acne, such as benzoyl peroxide. These can be taken either by mouth or applied on the skin as a cream, lotion or gel.




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